Autor: Javier García-Martínez
ISBN-13: 9783527328802
Veröffentl: 01.04.2011
Einband: Buch
Seiten: 377
Gewicht: 899 g
Format: 249x177x24 mm
Sprache: Englisch

The Chemical Element

Chemistry's Contribution to Our Global Future
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In the International Year of Chemistry, prominent scientists highlight the major advances in the fight against the largest problems faced by humanity from the point of view of chemistry, showing how their science is essential to ensuring our long-term survival.
United Nations has declared 2011 the International Year of Chemistry, to celebrate the achievements of chemistry and its contributions to the well-being of humankind. In this book, prominent scientists highlight the major advances in the fight against the largest problems faced by humanity from the point of view of chemistry, showing how science is essential to ensuring our long-term survival. Following the UN Millennium Development Goals, the authors examine the nine most critical areas, including energy, climate, food, water, poverty, education and health. All of them are opinion leaders in their fields, or high-ranking decision makers in national and international institutions. This book provides an intellectual basis for the future development of chemistry, it is aimed at a wide readership including students, professionals, engineers, scientists, environmentalists and anyone interested in a more sustainable future. The book contains a Foreword from Nicole Moreau (President of the IUPAC) and Julia Hasler (UNESCO Focal Point for IYC) and an Epilogue by Jeffrey Sachs (Director of The Earth Institute).
The Chemical Element: Chemistry's Contribution to Our Global Future
CHEMISTRY FOR DEVELOPMENT
Chemistry, Innovation and Impact
Poverty and Disparities in Life Expectancy
The Milennium Development Goals
Science, Technology and Development
Chemistry and Development
Science and Technology for National Development
Capacity Building: Some Key Requirements for Chemistry's Role in Development
Chemistry and Future Challenges to Health, Wealth and WellbeingConclusions
THE ROLE OF CHEMISTRY IN ADDRESSING HUNGER AND FOOD SECURITY
Chemistry is the Backbone of Food and Nutrition
Global Hunger and Malnutrition in the World Today
Hunger, Nutrition and the Food Security Mandate
Chemistry's Influence on the Pillars of Food Security
Conclusion
POVERTY
Contribution of Chemistry to Social and Econimic Development
Concept and Historical Evolution of Poverty
Asymmetry of Poverty in the World
Causes of Poverty
Poverty, Malnutrition and Life Expectancy
Strategies against Poverty: A General Approach with Context-Specific Solutions
Chemistry is Essential for Poverty Alleviation
THE HUMAN ELEMENT: CHEMISTRY EDUCATIONS'S CONTRIBUTION TO OUR GLOBAL FUTURE
The International Year of Chemistry Education Challenge
Scene 1 - Chemistry to the Rescue of Threatened Communities
Sequel to Scene 1 - An Education in Chemistry
Equipping the Human Element with Relevant Education in, about and through Chemistry
An Example of Integrating Sustainability and Chemistry Education Curriculum: Visualizing the Chemistry Underlying Climate Change
Scene 2 - Chemistry Education and Our Global Future
THE IMPACTS OF SYNTHETIC CHEMISTRY ON HUMAN HEALTH
The Molecules at the Origin of Drug Discoveries
From Bench to Market Place
General Concepts of Drug Design
Patent Protection Issues
Drug Metabolism and Drug Resistance or Why Make Big Pills?
Antibacterial AGents
Antiviral Agents: The Flu Virus Story: The Naissance of a Sugar-Based Flu Drug
The Viagra Story - Serendipity Leading to a Blockbuster Drug
Human Vaccines as a Prophylactic Health Remedy
Conclusion
THE GREENING OF CHEMISTRY
Introduction
Areas of Green Chemistry
Metrics in Green Chemistry
Conclusions and Future Perspectives
WATER: FOUNDATION FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
Introduction
Water Pollution and Water Quality
Water Treatment Technologies
Conclusions
FACING THE ENERGY CHALLGENGES THROUGH CHEMISTRY IN A CHANGING WORLD
Introduction
Chemistry and the Role for Development of Society
Chemistry and Sustainable Energy
Sustainable Energy Scenarios and Climate Changes
Nanomaterials for Sustainable Energy
Biofuels
Towards Solar Fuels
Conclusions
OZONE DEPLETION AND CLIMATE CHANGE
Introduction
Ozone in the Atmosphere
The Antarctic Ozone Hole
Arctic Ozone
Montreal Protocol and Beyond
Ozone and Climate Change
Perspectives
Resources
Was kann die Chemie im Kampf gegen die größten Probleme der Menschheit ausrichten? Prominente Naturwissenschaftler nehmen dazu in diesem inspirierenden, vorausschauenden Band Stellung. Viel Stoff zum Nachdenken für jeden, der Nachhaltigkeit nicht nur als Lippenbekenntnis begreift!
Editiert von: Javier García-Martínez, Elena Serrano-Torregrosa
Javier Garcia-Martinez is currently a faculty member and director of the Molecular Nanotechnology Laboratory at the University of Alicante, Spain. He has published extensively in the areas of nanomaterials, catalysis and energy. His latest book entitled "Nanotechnology for the Energy Challenge" (Wiley-VCH) provides a comprehensive view of the current status of this field. Javier is also co-founder of Rive Technology Inc (Boston, MA), a clean energy company, commercializing advanced catalyst technology that makes traditional zeolite catalysts more accessible to large hydrocarbon molecules. Javier is also member of the World Economic Forum General and of the International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). During the International Year of Chemistry, Javier is co-chairing the Global Experiment organized by IUPAC and UNESCO. Elena Serrano-Torregrosa is a Research Fellow at the Molecular Nanotechnology Lab of the University of Alicante (Spain). Elena received her PhD thesis from the University of Basque Country on the nanostructuration of functional materials and carried out her post-doctoral activity in collaboration with Arkema at the National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA) at Lyon. Her current research interests are in the area of new synthetic pathways to prepare heterogeneous catalysts by self-assembly of functional materials and block copolymers. Dr. Serrano-Torregrosa has published twenty seven research articles and written three book chapters. The editors have created a website for their book with additional information. See thechemicalelement.com for details.

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Autor: Javier García-Martínez
ISBN-13:: 9783527328802
ISBN: 3527328807
Erscheinungsjahr: 01.04.2011
Verlag: Wiley VCH Verlag GmbH
Gewicht: 899g
Seiten: 377
Sprache: Englisch
Sonstiges: Buch, 249x177x24 mm, 85 schwarz-weiße und 15 farbige Abbildungen