Autor: Matthias Beller
ISBN-13: 9783527323494
Veröffentl: 01.08.2012
Einband: Buch
Seiten: 642
Gewicht: 1541 g
Format: 246x176x38 mm
Sprache: Englisch

Catalysis

From Principles to Applications
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Catalysis has revolutionized the chemical industry as catalysts are used in the production of most chemicals, resulting in a multi-billion
euro business. This advanced textbook is a must-have for all Master and PhD students in the field as it adopts a unique interdisciplinary approach to the topic of catalysis.
PREFACE

PART I: Basic Concepts

CATALYSIS IN PERSPECTIVE: HISTORIC REVIEW
History of Catalysis Science
The Development of Catalytic Processes: History and Future
Fundamental Catalysis in Practice
Catalyst Selection
Reactor Choice
Process Choice

KINETICS OF HETEROGENEOUS CATALYTIC REACTIONS
Physical chemical principles
The Lock and Key Model, the Role of Adsorption Entropy
Equivalence of Electrocatalysis and Chemocatalysis
Microkinetics; the Rate-Determining Step
Elementary Rate Constant Expressions for Surface Reactions
The Pressure Gap
The Materials Gap
Coupling of Catalytic Reaction and Inorganic Solid Chemistry
In situ Generation of Organo-Catalyst
The Compensation Effect

KINETICS IN HOMOGENEOUS CATALYSIS
Principles of a Catalyst and Kinetic Description
Catalyst Activity
Catalyst Activation and Deactivation

CATALYTIC REACTION ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES
Preface
Formal Kinetics of Catalytic Reactions
Mass and Heat Transfer Effects
Homogenous Catalysis in Biphasic Fluid/Fluid Systems

PART II: The Chemistry of Catalytic Reactivity

HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS
General Introduction
Transition Metal Catalysis
Solid Acids and Bases
Reducible Oxides

HOMOGENEOUS CATALYSIS
General Features

BIOCATALYSIS
Introduction
Examples
Summary/ConclusionsELECTROCATALYSIS
Introduction
Theory
Application to the Oxygen Reduction Reaction (ORR) on Pt(111)
Summary

HETEROGENEOUS PHOTOCATALYSIS
Introduction
Applications of Photocatalysis
Case Studies
Concluding Remarks

PART III: Industrial Catalytic Conversions

CARBONYLATION REACTIONS
General Aspects
Hydroformylation
Other Carbonylations of Olefins and Alkynes
Carbonylations of Alcohols and Aryl Halides

BIOCATALYTIC PROCESSES
Introduction
Examples
Case Study: Synthesis of Lipitor Building Blocks
Conclusions

POLYMERIZATION
Introduction
Polyolefins in Brief
Olefin Polymerization Catalysts
Olefin Polymerization Process Technology
The Latest Breakthroughs

AMMONIA SYNTHESIS
Ammonia Plant
Synthesis
Steam Reforming
Conclusions

FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS IN A MODERN PERSPECTIVE
Introduction
Stoichiometry and Thermodynamic Aspects
Processes and Product Composition
Catalysts, General
Reaction Fundamentals
Concluding Remarks

ZEOLITE CATALYSIS
Introduction
The Hydrocracking Reaction; Acid Catalysis
Lewis Acid - Lewis Base Catalysis; Hydrocarbon Activation
Selective Oxidation; Redox Catalysis
Framework-Substituted Redox Ions

CATALYTIC SELECTIVE OXIDATION - FUNDAMENTALS, CONSOLIDATED TECHNOLOGIES, AND DIRECTIONS FOR INNOVATION
Catalytic Selective Oxidation: Main Features
Catalytic Selective Oxidation: What Makes the Development of an Industrial Process More Challenging (and Troublesome) than Other Reactions
Catalytic Selective Oxidation: the Forefront in the Continuous Development of More-Sustainable Industrial Technologies
The Main Issue in Catalytic Oxidation: the Control of Selectivity
Dream Reactions in Catalytic Selective Oxidation: a Few Examples (Some Sustainable, Some Not Sustainable)
A New Golden Age for Catalytic Selective Oxidation?
Conclusions: Several Opportunities for More Sustainable Oxidation Processes

HIGH-TEMPERATURE CATALYSIS: ROLE OF HETEROGENEOUS, HOMOGENEOUS, AND RADICAL CHEMISTRY

Introduction
Fundamentals
Applications
Hydrogen Production from Logistic Fuels by High-Temperature Catalysis
High-Temperature Catalysis in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

HYDRODESULFURIZATION
Introduction
Hydrodesulfurization
The C-X Bond-Breaking Mechanism
Structure of the Sulfidic Catalyst
Hydrodenitrogenation
Determination of Surface Sites

PART IV: Catalyst Synthesis and Materials

MOLECULARLY DEFINED SYSTEMS IN HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS
Introduction
Single Sites: On the Border between Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysis
Conclusion and Perspectives

PREPARATION OF SUPPORTED CATALYSTS
Introduction
Support Surface Chemistry
Ion Adsorption
Impregnation and Drying
Deposition Pre
Allen, die sich im Studium mit Katalyse beschäftigen, sei dieser Band dringend empfohlen. Er behandelt alle wesentlichen theoretischen Prinzipien; Einsatzmöglichkeiten von Katalysatoren in der Industrie werden anhand interessanter Fallstudien verdeutlicht.
Editiert von: Matthias Beller, Albert Renken, Rutger A. van Santen
Matthias Beller obtained his PhD at the University of Göttingen, Germany and completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, USA. Since 1998, he has been head of the Leibniz Institute for Organic Catalysis at University of Rostock. He is a member of the board of Dechema's Catalysis Section, the German Catalysis Competence Network ("ConNeCat") as well as the Innovationsagentur Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. He is also a member of the Association for Technical Sciences of the Union of German Academies of Sciences and Humanities.Albert Renken obtained his academic degrees at the Technical University of Hanover, Germany. Professor Renken has been affiliated with ETH Lausanne, Switzerland since 1977. He is author of over 350 scientific publications in journals and books and of numerous patents. From 1992 to 2000, Albert Renken was science councillor of the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF), and from 1996 to 2000 he served as chairman of the European Federation of Chemical Reaction Engineering Working Party.
Rutger Anthony van Santen gained his doctorate from the University of Leiden, Netherlands. He became Professor of Catalysis at the Eindhoven University of Technology, where he was also promoted to scientific director. In 1991 he became director of the Netherlands Institute of Research in Catalysis, and in 2005 he was made Royal Netherlands Academy of Science and Arts Professor. He is a member of the Royal Dutch Academy of Arts and Sciences, Dutch Academy of Engineering and is a Knight in the order of the Dutch Lion. Professor van Santen is the author or editor of 13 books, over 600 research papers and 22 patents, and has been awarded several national and international awards and visiting professorships.

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Autor: Matthias Beller
ISBN-13:: 9783527323494
ISBN: 352732349X
Erscheinungsjahr: 01.08.2012
Verlag: Wiley VCH Verlag GmbH
Gewicht: 1541g
Seiten: 642
Sprache: Englisch
Sonstiges: Buch, 246x176x38 mm